What is Birds Eye Chilli?

Birds Eye Chilli

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Birds Eye Chilli

Bird’s-eye peppers (Birds Eye Chilli) are small, thin, pointed peppers. They are red when ready and green when not, but they are edible. They can sometimes be purple or orange.

This type of chili is cone-shaped, has tanned skin, and resembles an eye. It is also known as Red Thai Chili and is often used to spice up Southeast Asian cuisine. These small peppers grow on small bushes in warm climates.

The small Bird’s Eye Chilli originally came from Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, and surrounding countries, but can now be found worldwide.

They are probably called “Bird’s Eye Chilli” because of their small, round shape and because they are spread by birds that don’t mind the pepper’s spiciness.

Raw, dried, or cooked, the small but powerful peppers pack a real heat. They are used to flavor dishes or make fiery sauces.

Today, the bird’s eye chili is valued primarily for its unique spice, which is very spicy but not too spicy.

In Vietnam, bird’s-eye chili is an important source of livelihood for part of the population. Especially in the mountainous regions.

The herb is rich in capsaicin, which is associated with relieving pain, treating arthritis, and strengthening the nerves in the human body.

Traditionally, bird’s eye chili is used as an ingredient in a folk remedy for flatulence, toothache, indigestion, or even mosquito bites. Bird chilies also provide many safety benefits in agriculture.

Herbal thinning powders are the perfect alternative to pesticides. In this way, the farmer can effectively eradicate insects while ensuring food hygiene.

Birds Eye Chilli Alone

In Thai cuisine, green peppers are usually used in green curry, while hotter, more mature red peppers are used in red curry. When fresh, they often still have a stem and contain loose, edible seeds that are particularly spicy.

The peppers are affordable due to their lightweight and can be used whole, sliced, or cored and diced.

Something else about Birds Eye Chilli

Birds eye chilli is one of the most common hot peppers and is highly prized for its extremely spicy and fruity aroma.

In addition to its spiciness, hot paprika is characterized by its aroma, which is similar to the smell of pepper and has a slightly sweet note. Like all hot peppers, bird’s eye chili contains capsaicin, which is responsible for its spiciness.

This specific substance is only found in peppers and is responsible for their characteristic spiciness. It creates the feeling of “fire” in the mouth. Bird’s Eye Chili starts out green and matures to a bright red color.

They can be eaten at any stage of ripeness and taste different depending on the level of ripeness. The red, ripe peppers taste a bit fruitier and sweeter, while the green ones are a bit more bitter and grassy.

But regardless of color, both green and red contain a lot of heat.

How to cook with Bird’s Eye Chilli

Bird’s eye chilies are widely used in Thai, Vietnamese, Malaysian, and Indonesian cuisine. Fresh or dried peppers are added to salads, stir-fries, curries, sauces, sambals, soups, and marinades.

The stems are removed and the peppers can be left whole, sliced, diced, chopped, or mashed. The seeds are particularly sharp and can be removed for a less intense spiciness.

Birds Eye Chilli in Hand

Birds eye chilies should be stored in a cool, dry place away from sunlight in a sealed container. This way it retains all its aroma. These versatile peppers can be used in everything from sauces and marinades to soups and salads.

The only tools you need are a kitchen knife, a cutting board, and maybe a small spoon. You may want to wear gloves when handling these peppers, especially if you wear contact lenses.

Capsaicin, the chemical in pepper that makes it spicy, can sit on your fingers for hours and burn very badly if you touch your face, especially your eyes.

To avoid unnecessary pain, wear gloves and carefully clean the blade, surfaces, and anything else the cut peppers have come in contact with before removing them.

What do Bird’s Eye Chilies taste like?

Birdseye peppers are loved for their fruity, peppery flavor and intense heat. The little peppers have it all. They rate between 50,000 and 100,000 Scoville units on the Scoville scale.

This one is ten times hotter than a jalapeño, but half as hot as a habanero.

The spiciness can sneak up on you as a ripe red bird’s eye chili can have a lingering effect as the spiciness builds as you eat the dish and then lingers long after you finish eating.

The origin of Bird’s Eye Chili

Birds eye chilli peppers grow most commonly in Southeast Asia and Ethiopia. But it wasn’t always like that. Like almost all chili peppers, they come from Mexico.

Chili peppers have been cultivated for more than 6,000 years, making them one of the oldest cultivated plants in South and Central America.

And while birds were responsible for the local spread of chili seeds, it was humans who spread them around the world.

Chili peppers, including bird’s-eye chilies, came to Asia via Portuguese explorers in the 16th century as part of the spice trade. These explorers brought chili peppers to India and spread them across the continent.

The spiciness of bird’s-eye chili is now considered a characteristic aroma of Thai cuisine.


Fresh peppers should be stored in the vegetable drawer of your refrigerator until ready to use and will last up to two weeks.

Rinse them immediately before use to prevent moisture from entering them and causing them to deteriorate. Bird’s eye view peppers can be pickled or dried for storage.

Birds Eye Chilli Dried

Technically, the peppers can be frozen, but this is not recommended because the walls of the small peppers are so thin. Dried and pickled peppers can be stored at room temperature for up to a year (if properly preserved).


How hot is a bird’s eye chilli?

Bird’s Eye chili measures between 50,000 and 100,000 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). 

Is Birds Eye Chilli hotter than jalapeño?

The bird’s eye chili is up to 10 times hotter than jalapeno and similar to a mild habanero.

Is bird eye chilli good for health?

Bird’s eye chilli is good for your health in many ways. It kills fungi and treats infections, which can prevent more diseases caused by infections.

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